yDNA testing can confirm your genealogical connections on your direct paternal lineage and expand your understanding of your deepest paternal ancestral origins. Because your Y-DNA has been passed on to you generation after generation by your direct paternal ancestors, it offers the most exact information possible for this line. Testing your mtDNA, which men and women inherit from their mother, uncovers the deep ancestral origin of your direct maternal line (your mother, your mother’s mother, etc.) and connects you with genetic cousins.
Autosomal DNA (atDNA) comes from the 22 pairs of chromosomes that are inherited by all children, male or female. Whereas Y-DNA and mtDNA tests can only tell us about the ancestors at the extreme edges of our family tree, an autosomal DNA test (such as the Family Finder test from Family Tree DNA) offers the potential to make discoveries and solve mysteries in any of our family lines.
In recent years DNA testing has progressed to become more sophisticated so I decided in 2012 to undergo another test using the American company FamilyTreeDNA. This company was selected because of the large number of tests it has carried out. The initial Y-DNA test was the 37 marker test, this was followed up by further test such as the Deep Clade test and the 67 Marker and 111 marker tests. These were followed by the Big Y test and individual, SNP tests with Yseq. The mtDNA test was also added to the list along with the latest Family Finder test.
In 2014 I took a test with Yorkshire's DNA and then in early 2017 took a test with LIvingDNA. LivingDNA can give you your DNA mix across 80 world regions, including 21 in Britain and Ireland. You can also explore peer reviewed details of the areas of the world your ancestors are from.
All the test results are discussed in the relevant sections alongside however the testing regime for FamilyTreeDNA is shown below. Other SNP tests were ordered from Yseq.